Increasingly, celebrities start to engage in business not just as endorsers but also with a financial stake and decision-making role in the business. Yet, there is a deep well of additional dedicated reviewers who thoughtfully participate in our review process but whose names do not appear on our masthead. Contrary to this, most of the brands in Asia that have used celebrity endorsements have used it as the main brand building tool. They should not work logically; why would a celebrity know any better what products you should buy? Celebrity endorsement in advertising is grounded in a common marketing assumption: Corporations have realized for some time that celebrity endorsers can enhance advertisement credibility and liking as well as brand image, awareness, and purchase behavior. Partners receive a cut of the scam’s proceeds for directing traffic to the scammer’s websites. Celebrity endorsement is a phenomenon widely used by companies and studied by researchers. 60 Robust Years Of Advertising Research, and Counting. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement effect in an aspiring new celebrity.,Four studies … Using celebrities to promote products is a popular advertising technique around the world. Celebrity Endorsement refers to a marketing strategy whose purpose is to use one or multiple celebrities to advertise a specific product or service. © 2021 the Journal of Advertising Research. This can also become a problem if a celebrity is endorsing multiple products at the same time, as they might see the celebrity and associate it with another brand. Companies spend millions on celebrity endorsements. What Do We Know About Gender and Diversity? In the history of advertising – products or services, political parties or ideas – celebrities have played a seminal role in boosting the bottom line. #Learnistan Impact of Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising, « Quiz 2 – Multiple Choice Questions on Advertising, https://learn.learnistan.com/courses/mastering-dat, https://lnkd.in/gNXpC4v The use of celebrity endorsements is becoming increasing popular amongst organisations to aid in advertising their brand in order to gain a competitive advantage. Celebrity endorsement effectiveness. 75-79. Let’s look into what that means. This extra layer of anonymity helps protect scammers, who are often difficult, if not impossible, to track down. This investigations main purpose is to explore the influences that celebrity endorsements have on the consumers’ motivation to purchase, in particular focusing on sports celebrities. #NitinKrSaxena Celebrities are hired because they are perceived to be more credible endorser of products compared to non-celebrities. Celebrity Endorsement: Developing A Brand Image in Housing Ads 1. Personal selling is the most credible tactic of marketing; it could be the most difficult aspect of celebrity endorsement considering that celebrities overly engage in different activities, thus finding limited time for employment in a single customer care section or a marketing agency. Celebrity endorsement in an advertisement is the homage of the use of advertisements, a technique that inhibits and incorporates the eminently convincing and amiable source endorsing the product. In the language of marketers, celebrity endorsement is proffered to as “a form of brand or advertising campaign that involves a well-known person using their fame to help promote a product, a brand or a service”. The ARF is the premier advertising industry association for creating, aggregating, synthesising and sharing the knowledge required by decision makers to lead and succeed. History Of Celebrity Endorsements In Advertising: From Doris Day To Liza Koshy To George Clooney December 5, 2018 Sarah Cavill Celebrity endorsement marketing strategies go back as far as the concept of celebrities. In “Enhancing Brand Credibility via Celebrity Endorsement: Trustworthiness Trumps Attractiveness and Expertise” (please see page 16), Stephen W. Wang (National Taiwan Ocean University) and Angeline Close Scheinbaum (University of Texas at Austin) analyzed the airline industry and examined source-credibility theory and its impact on brand performance for celebrity endorsements. Attractiveness of the celebrity: This principle states that an attractive endorser will have a positive impact on the endorsement. The endorsement and the collaboration were so highly successful that Nike and Michael Jordon launched a brand new product line called Air Jordon in the line of sports shoes. Conducted by Anita Elberse, Harvard Business School, this is one of the most cited studies regarding celebrity endorsements. When people see their favorite star endorsing a product, they may take a look at a product they never considered before. Offsetting negativity with more positive attitude on the part of sponsors may offer a means to improve brand image. Celebrity endorsement is when a famous person uses their notoriety to help sell a product or service. And also Tom Reichert, University of South Carolina; Karen Robson, Simon Fraser University; Gregory Rose, University of Washington Tacoma; Mei Rose, University of Alaska Anchorage; Rebekah Russell-Bennett, Queensland University of Technology; Juan Sánchez-Fernández, Universidad de Granada; Jaywant Singh, Kingston University London; Chuanyi Tang, Old Dominion University; Shawn Thelen, Hofstra University; Michelle Weinberger, Northwestern University; Malcolm Wright, Massey University; Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Hong Kong Baptist University. The endorsement is a type of communication in which one person speaks in the favor of brand or product. Following McCracken (), celebrity endorsements are understood as a marketing technique in which an individual enjoying public recognition “uses this recognition on behalf of a consumer good by appearing with it in an advertisement” (p. 310).The effects of endorsements can well be explained within the advertising effectiveness model provided by Ladvidge and Steiner (Lavidge and Steiner 1961). The above points are advantages of using a celebrity in promoting products, but on the other hand several disadvantages come with the use of celebrities in product marketing. Celebrity Endorsement is impelled by virtue of the following motives: Since its birth in 1902, Pepsi-Cola has come a long way in the food and beverages industry. Many products or services launched for sale in today’s market conditions are similar to one another in... 2. Emotions and ideas evoked about the … #Learnistan Despite the generally positive aspects of endorsement on the evaluation of products, in some cases, celebrities cannot substantially help promote products. First Video of the course, Sephora gives shoppers an option of choosing a sho, #TermOfTheDay One marketing technique that businesses use worldwide in an attempt to grasp consumer attention is that of celebrity endorsement. And the golf industry as a wh… advertisement to stand out from the clutter Helps in rejuvenating the stagnant brand Helps in building brand awareness Helps connecting to the Red Flags for Celebrity Endorser. The list of 2017 JAR Ad Hoc reviewers includes: Leonids Aleksandrovs, Universiteit Antwerpen; José Luis Ayala, University of Puerto Rico; Michael Beverland, RMIT University; Shann Biglione, Publicis Media; Danielle Chmielewski-Raimondo, University of Melbourne; Polymeros Chrysochou, Aarhus University; Justin Cohen, Ehrenberg-Bass Institute for Marketing Science; Sergio Davalos, University of Washington Tacoma; Sonia Dickinson-Delaporte, Curtin University; Robert East, Kingston Business School, London, and Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, UNISA; Martin Eisend, European University Viadrina; Troy Elias, University of Florida; Thomas Evans, DTE Research, Inc.; Fernando Fastoso, The York Management School – University of York; Larry Filer, Old Dominion University. While celebrity advertising has historically been used to share airline offerings and target business or first class customers, that may now be changing. This article aims to identity attributes of celebrity endorsers and attributes of celebrity endorsement advertisements that are most appealing to the adolescents. #surrogat, 6 Reasons Why Branding is Important to Customers, Tips on how to Change Your Profession Path, 5 little-known interview tricks to bag your dream job. The only difference now is the influencer marketing field is … These famous people can be from any field like arts, sports, etc. Furthermore, celebrity endorsement activity has been increasing over the past years (Biswas, Hussain & O’Donnell 2009). Images change. A celebrity endorsement is when a famous person uses her/his notoriety to help to sell a product or service. Celebrity endorsement advertising has been recognized as a “ubiquitous feature of modern day marketing” (McCracken 1989; Keller 2008). Big companies have the leverage of social media too; they take complete benefit of the stars’ social media communities. Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related lesson on celebrity endorsements in advertising When companies have celebrities asseverating for their products and services, brands can amplify their awareness, gain customer trust with the trust the customer puts into the celebrity and gain familiarity with the customers’ mind. Using 637 travelers, they assessed the role of trustworthiness, attractiveness, and endorser expertise on brand credibility and preference. The company has had hundreds of stars to promote their products. But celebrity endorsements are big business. All rights reserved. […] Read: Impact of Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising […]. These individuals usually are trying their hand at reviewing; when their body of review work warrants more significant involvement, we ask them to join the Editorial Review Board. This can affect the reaction of consumers to the endorsement relationship, and that, in turn, may depend on the profession of the celebrity. The work you see in these pages reflects the knowledge and dedication of these reviewers, and I thank them for their hard work and insight. Celebrity Endorsement: An advertising campaign involving a well known person to promote a product or service. celebrity endorsement have their specialized niche which ranges from music and film, fitness, fashion, sports, etc. In fact, the best collaboration of all times was between Nike and Michael Jordon. Impact of celebrity endorsement in advertising on brand image among Chinese adolescents. The definition of a celebrity endorsement Skills Practiced. Sometimes it takes a while to recognize that someone has an ability to get us to believe in ourselves, to tie that belief to our highest ideals, and to imagine that together we can do great things. And, once a year, we salute this distinguished group in this space. By doing so, the value of the celebrity gets transferred to the value of the product and the consumer finds himself getting even more attached to the product. They found that much depends on the involvement of the consumer with the industry involved. Advertising campaigns must be developed skillfully, or there’s a risk that the viewer remembers the celebrity, not the product. To highlight their brand, advertisers are turning to celebrities as endorsers. A team of Australian researchers studied the impact of a smile perceived to be genuine (a Duchenne smile) and a pre-existing negative attitude toward a celebrity in “How a Smile Can Make a Difference—Enhancing the Persuasive Appeal of Celebrity Endorsers: Boosting Consumer Perceptions of Celebrity Genuineness Through the Use of a “Duchenne Smile” in Advertising” (please see page 51). FREE Excel Online Tutorial on Essential Excel Features. Conjointly whenever any organization proffers to endorse their product or brand via a famous figure, the main motive is to expose and extend the brand and gain customer trust through the trust common people have in their ideal celebrity. Again, the first woman for the vice-presidential candidate in the U.S. By the 90s, the legend in the music industry, Furthermore, Pepsi kept grabbing the customers as the celebrities like, Helps an advertisement to stand out from the clutter. In “The Dual Entertainment Theory in Celebrity Endorsements: The Role of Celebrity Worship and Profession,” (please see page 33), Subhadip Roy (Indian Institute of Management Udaipur) and Aditya Shankar Mishra (IBS Hyderabad) found that, in India and in the U.K., “Different motives are instrumental in the celebrity effect on the worshippers versus nonworshippers.”, Their research demonstrated that “celebrities from more glamorous professions, such as film actors, are perceived differently than celebrities from performance-oriented professions, such as sports.” They discovered “playful motives to be more relevant for celebrities from a glamorous profession, whereas aspirational motives became more relevant for celebrities related to a performance-related profession.”, Finally, the authors state that “the effect of celebrity endorsements on consumers might be generalizable to some extent, whereas the final outcome (i.e., brand attitudes) might be dependent on the celebrity profession and brand novelty.”. In 2009, Tiger Woods’ public image crumbled after hisinfidelity with a number of women, including pornography actresses, hit the news. Introduction: Celebrity endorsement is a form of brand or advertising that involves a famous person who uses their fame to help promote goods or service. CELEBRITY ENDORSEMENT 1. Nike stuck around and lost customers. They discovered that “trustworthiness trumps beauty attractiveness and credibility when it comes to celebrity-endorsement source characteristics in the airline industry—where trust is especially paramount.” They suggest that “advertisers using celebrity endorsement should feature an attractive celebrity who is perceived to be trustworthy to best influence both their low- and their high-involvement consumer base.” They also recommend that “in a global industry such as airlines, such a celebrity should be internationally recognized.”, Celebrities will have different levels of connection with those who follow them. Celebrity endorsement in advertising is a popular strategy worldwide. In the early 1900s Mark Twain co … The endorsements themselves are part of affiliate advertising networks. These include; Disadvantages of Celebrity Endorsement. According to Campaign Magazine over 22% of all TV advertising utilise a celebrity endorsement in vision and over 30% include a celebrity voice over. Today after having crossed many milestones he holds a reverential position and is one of the most sought-after celebrities in the nation in the field of celebrity endorsement deals. Social media, being very popular with the young demographics helps in engaging and connecting with the celebrities they follow. Here are six that may be the most controversial ever. Toyota ft. ‘ Back to the Future’ “Fueled by Future” is the fourth installment of Toyota’s “Fueled by … Times are over when there was only one brand to buy. This one goes back several decades, but it should have served as a … Effect of Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising Activities by Product Type ... C. A. The belief of getting high quality product. They are willing to invest significant amount of monies to juxtapose their brands with celebrity’s attributes like attractiveness, expertise and trustworthiness. It would indirectly incorporate them with the star’s skills, knowledge, and abilities associated with the product. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement effect in an aspiring new celebrity.,Four studies … In the grand scheme of marketing and advertising, celebrity endorsements are fairly new as the fascination with celebrities has increased in recent times (Keel and Nataraajan, 2012). (2012), Celebrity endorsement strategy, Annals of the „Constantin Brâncuşi” University of Târgu Jiu, Economy Series, Issue 3, pp. Celebrity endorsement is a phenomenon widely used by companies and studied by researchers. His Airness Michael Jordan has been partnered with Nike since 1984, … Celebrities may also be seen using other products after they have endorsed yours — and that ruins credibility. The Benefits of Celebrity Endorsements. Oct 25, 2015 - Http://Brandwoodglobal.com. The authors finally suggest that “although managers invest heavily in celebrity endorsement and try to beat the competition by catching more of the customers' attention, they need to realize that heavy investment in endorsements may lose value if a celebrity over endorses a brand.”. The advertising market has become more cluttered and competitive now and everywhere. NEVER BEFORE has demand for celebrity involvement in all forms of advertising been higher, or more cost effective. Sign In to Email Alerts with your Email Address. When a company wants to sell you something these days, it needs to do more than just... Michael Jordan. Some celeb endorsements can go terribly wrong for companies. 30 notable celebrity endorsements 30 notable celebrity endorsements. In this lesson, you will learn why companies use celebrity endorsements in advertising. Some celebrity marketing campaigns try to suggest that the star uses the product personally and enjoys it. What Do We Know About Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising? By doing so, or happening so, the credibility increases as the celebrity get connected with the product or brand. The Image of the Company may be Ruined if the Celebrity… Despite the generally positive aspects of endorsement on the evaluation of products, in some cases, celebrities cannot substantially help promote products. In a capitalistic society, it is all about selling. Kendall Jenner for Pepsi. Here is how a celebrity endorsement could increase your brand recognition, ensuring your product or service successfully stands out from the crowd. Companies enjoy enhanced credibility by choosing and endorsing the right celebrities and celebrity endorsement for their products. So here are 10 of the biggest celebrity food and drink endorsements of all time. The use of celebrity endorsements are a means of creating awareness of the brand advertised. Besides offering many benefits for the endorsed brand, celebrity endorsements also can have a negative impact. That effect is such that, if the customer is a fan of the endorsing celebrity, they tend to offer even more for the product or service that the celebrity is endorsing; like a piece of advice from a trustworthy friend. She is also an author of research papers with IITs, IGI Global and many others. 2.3. Celebrity values define and refresh the brand image, Celebrity adds new dimensions to the brand image, Instant credibility or aspiration, PR coverage, In the initial stages of hitting the charts in 1984, Pepsi-Cola’s new generation campaign advertised the brimming entertainer of the time, All along the 80’s, many stars loaned their charisma to Pepsi counting too many pop music icons like. A brand that gains a high-profile celebrity's endorsement may, for example, receive greater media coverage than if it had run a standard advertising campaign. Introduction. The right choice for an endorser can be an important decision for an advertiser. What Will Training Look Like When It’s All Over? We do not capture any email address. This further helps in creating an image that can be easily referred by the consumers. Helps connecting to the customers quickly and emotionally. According to Ad Age, a brand that inks an endorsement contract with a celebrity or an athlete can see their stock rise up to .25 as soon as the news … – Does celebrity endorsement work and how does it work among adolescents? Celebrity appearance, knowledge, liking, and credibility of the celebrity are also highly correlated with advertising believability. However, little is known about how the implementation of celebrity endorsement varies according to dominant cultural values. Change in the celebrity’s image easily affects the brand image, Inconsistency in the professional popularity of the celebrity, Multi-brand endorsement by the same celebrity leads to overexposure, Three prerequisites to selecting celebrities (positive image in the society, attractive, necessary knowledge). Star power creates awareness and sways people into purchasing long before it was called influencer marketing. To be in ‘vogue’ has to mean something. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. grounded in a common marketing assumption: Corporations have realized for some time that celebrity endorsers can enhance advertisement credibility and liking as well as brand image, awareness, and purchase behavior. Organizations customarily avail the benefits of people who possess some or other form of celebrity popularity and status to assist as an ambassador for their brand. Also, there should be a fit between celebrity and product. When you sign on a celebrity to endorse your brand, you sign on to everything that comes with them. Celebrity endorsement for consumer products is widely used in advertising, taking advantage of the public's fascination with celebrities and the belief in a personal connection with them. Effect of Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising Activities by Product Type ... are celebrity endorsements more likely to be result in a higher evaluation of the product being advertised than use of an anonymous individual (e.g. Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. We’re seeing a trend of celebrities, when becoming the spokesperson or “face” of a brand, taking on titles like investors, creative directors, and advisors that imply a much deeper level of involvement than simply being in a cosmetics company’s ads. This was painfully apparent in the effects of personal scandals involving such famous spokespersons as Tiger Woods, Lance Armstrong, Martha Stewart, and O. J. Simpson. A larger JAR archive is accessible at WARC, alongside case studies, best practice guides, marketing intelligence, consumer insight, industry trends and latest news from around the world. Kathie Lee Gifford for Walmart. Wizz Air is the latest airline to pin its hopes on celebrity endorsement. Celebrity endorsement is a million dollar industry today. Celebrity endorsement, which refers to an advertising strategy whereby companies use people of public recognition as spokespersons for their products and services (Ateke, Onwujiriri and Nnennanya, 2015), has been widely used in competitive marketing environments. Subliminally, it is established in the back of people’s mind that if they buy a product that their favorite star is endorsing, it will acquiesce them to imitate the celebrity’s desired traits or attract similar people into their lives. While this usually means bringing in some of their fan base as customers, it can lead to disaster if a scandal occurs. Copyright© 2018 ARF. Celebrities have built-in images and followers, both powerful influencers to potential consumers. Along the way she believes that nothing is more satisfying than meeting new people, developing new relations. A celebrity’s involvement can range from an explicit to an implicit endorsement of a product. Developing brand images in ads. The Guides point out that marketers using these new techniques are subject to the same truthful advertising laws that other forms of advertising always have been. The benefits of using a celebrity for advertising are the ability to: Even with the merger of Adidas and Reebok, Nike remains to be the market leader and one of the many reasons for its success is its consistent use of the celebrities for endorsing the products. Photo: Getty Images Building trust through celebrity involvement. Breaking down Celebrity Endorsement What people love more than celebrities? Majority of the celebrities or famous people that the organization hires to endorse their product or brand are very influential people, they could be movie or television stars or athletes, etc. That is, there is a complementarity between celebrity, product, and ad. Celebrities make mistakes. Sometimes celebrity advertising can backfire if the celebrity finds him or herself embroiled in negative events. And when they do, they can affect the brands they endorse. It’s one of the most quoted television advertisements of all … Both subscribers and ARF members can access recent issues of JAR via this site. 2. o To identify the factors of celebrity endorsements that influences the buying decision of the customers. Celebrity endorser's credibility has a positive impact on ad recall. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about the Journal of Advertising Research. An entrepreneur may lack the ideas to add quality to his or her product but through advertisement and celebrity endorsement, the product gains credibility in the market. Yet they have numerous pitfalls that companies should consider before developing an endorsement program. A celebrity endorsement also can help to bring an older product, perhaps with consistently decreasing sales, into the modern day. Jasmina Ilicic (Monash University) and two authors from The University of Newcastle, Australia (Alicia Kulczynski and Stacey M. Baxter) studied 340 respondents and found that “altering the depiction of the celebrity in advertising can influence consumer perceptions of the celebrity's genuineness.” They offer that consumers will “perceive a celebrity to be less genuine when they: 1) have a negative attitude toward the celebrity and 2) are exposed to a celebrity displaying a non-Duchenne (fake) smile.” On the other hand, “when a celebrity is featured in an advertisement displaying a Duchenne (genuine) smile, consumers will: 1) perceive the celebrity to be more genuine and 2) report more favorable attitudes toward the advertisement and greater purchase intention.”, The authors finally suggest “that even if things go astray and celebrities fall from grace, careful execution of advertising can counteract negative associations held with a celebrity, meaning that premature dumping and replacement of celebrity endorsers may be avoided.”, One way to assess the quality of celebrity endorsements is to examine the impact of the endorsement on stock-market returns. Riya is a city dweller who loves to travel, partake in outdoor activities, and find new adventures along the way. Even though there is a lot of literature about celebrity endorsement, no research has been made up to now about how this method is used in the housing market. This study showed that approximately 20% of all advertising features a celebrity, that celebrity endorsements increase trust, and that brands can experience a 20-40% increase by using a celebrity endorsement. #NitinKrSaxena Celebrity Endorsement is the form of an advertising campaign or marketing strategy used by brands or companies who use the name and fame of a celebrity or a … Celebrity endorsements can be seen as unfair advantages. Whether what’s on offer is a soft drink, beauty aid, ideology or public health message, it’s the celebrity endorsement that … It’s a validation.”. In the early 1900s Mark Twain co-branded pens and Ty Cobb had his own tobacco. You don't want to miss it! Here are eight celebrity endorsements that companies probably want to forget. She has experience working in industries ranging from Textiles to Market Research to EdTech to Information Technology and Services. Before any brand signs on a celebrity, they should consider three main aspects. Prior to Michael Jordan, Nike primarily sponsored tennis and track athletes. Big … It helps customers to remember advertisements when seeing a celebrity that has already got a brand of their own, it … Celebrity endorsement marketing strategies go back as far as the concept of celebrities. The primary goal, in this case, is to reach a greater audience, represented by the celebrity’s fan base. As a result of this, non-profit organisations and celebrity endorsements have only just begun to show up in popular advertising. A price war has … Celebrity endorsement is used as an advertising strategy, by using celebrity status and image, to promote a brand's recognition, recall, and differentiation. Celebrity endorsements are the cornerstone of endorsements. Celebrity Endorsement in Advertising – Do Celebrities Promise Something Wrong? Nike wanted expand into new markets. Definition of Celebrity Endorsement. In those rare moments, when such a person comes along, we need to put aside our plans and reach for what we know is possible. It’s an endorsement. Celebrity Endorsement refers to a marketing strategy whose purpose is to use one or multiple celebrities to advertise a specific product or service. The FTC revised its Endorsement Guides in October 2009 to keep them up-to-date with current marketing techniques, such as blogging and word-of-mouth advertising. Celebrity Endorsements. Yet even if a celebrity is a good fit for the brand, using one for endorsements has its own set of possible risks: 1. Celebrity advertising should therefore be employed wherever possible by organizations in the fashion industry. It’s true: Celebrity endorsements can reap huge rewards for a brand. Celebrity Endorsement Advantages And Disadvantages 1464 Words | 6 Pages. In this modern era, the world of advertisement undergoes a change, from classical ways, it has converted to take a modern route. Endorsements are expensive This may seem obvious, but getting a celebrity endorsement typically requires shelling out a … Celebrity Culture Social media stardom is on the rise; many celebrities have strongly established themselves as a valuable brand, just through the simple use of platforms such as Snapchat or Instagram. The use of celebrities for the promotion of the products has been evidently used in the last couple of decades. Additionally, Luke Greenacre, Monash University; Nicole Hartnett, Ehrenberg-Bass Institute for Marketing Science; Jisu Huh, University of Minnesota; Varsha Jain, MICA, India; Ram Janakiraman, University of South Carolina; Yongick Jeong, Louisiana State University; Kiran Karande, Old Dominion University; Colleen P. Kirk, Mount Saint Mary College; Yuping Liu-Thompkins, Old Dominion University; Chris Maier, Publicis Media; Paulo Mora Avila, Royal Holloway University of London; Prokriti Mukherji, King's College London; Cathy Nguyen, Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, University of South Australia; Glen Nowak, University of Georgia; Steve Oakes, University of Liverpool; Ernst Osinga, Singapore Management University; Fabien Pecot, University of York; Melvin Prince, Southern Connecticut State University. Because they are willing to invest significant amount of monies to juxtapose their brands with celebrity ’ proceeds! Keep them up-to-date with current marketing techniques, such as blogging and word-of-mouth advertising is also author... Professionals might contact celebrities with endorsement offers, create budget scenarios for celebrity involvement all! Can access recent issues of JAR via this site your feedback the fashion industry addresses on lines... 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