highest peak of palani hills

44 - FORESTS AND DEMAND NO.58 - CAPITAL OUTLAY ON FORESTS. The lower elevations of the Palani Hills between 250 to 1000 meters have the South Western Ghats’s moist deciduous forests ecoregion. The Palani Hills are extension of the Western Ghats ranges in Tamil Nadu state. Eastern Ghats (in Tamil Nadu): Major hills of the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu are located in the Northern districts of the State. The sanctuary has been under consideration of the Government of India in consultation with the Government of Tamil Nadu since 1999. Anamudi Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]) lies at the extreme southwestern end of the range and is the highest peak in southern India. Anai Mudi (2,695 m) is the highest peak in the whole of southern India. The Palani Hills (Tamil:பழநி மலை) are a mountain range in the southern Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. [6] Satmala is a mountain range which runs across Nashik District, Maharashtra.They are an integral part of the Sahyadris range within Nashik. It is discontinuous dissected at many places by the east flowing rivers. [5], In 1988, the new 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi) Kodaikanal-Berijam Wildlife Sanctuary was included in the protected area proposals considered to be of national priority status by the Wildlife Institute of India. These are the crucial grasslands that have been identified to be saved from encroaching invasive species. The range lies mostly within Dindigul district, except in the western portion, where it forms the boundary between Dindigul district and Theni district to the south and Idukki District to the south west. True to the misnamed origin of the peak it appears to be an ideal refuge for Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius). The eastern face of Crazy Horse Memorial can be seen from the top of Sylvan Peak, the eighth-highest of the eight peaks of at least 7,000 feet in the Black Hills. This discovery led to the establishment of the National CitrusGene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere Reserve at Nokrek covering an area of forty seven square kilometres. [19], The Tamil Nadu Department of Geology and Mining has completed detailed Geo-Technical Studies of the Palni Hills determining moderate to high landslide danger in much of the area. The villages and hamlets that now form part of the Palani Hills buffer zone are Poondi, Mannavanur, Kilavarai, Polur, Kavunchi, Kumbur, Kilanavayal, Kukkal, Pazhamputhur and Puthurpuram. of Tamilnadu, Tourism, Demand No.50, Policy Note 2000-2001, State Government Schemes, Works in progress under Part-II Scheme 1999-2000, retrieved 26 January 2007. Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest of them is Dhodap (1,451 metres). Each kootam has its own deity, which is common to the entire group and once yearly the members of the same kootam assemble to worship the deity. The Palani Hills are currently subject to increasing development pressure. The climate of the upper Palnis has four clearly defined seasons: The average annual rainfall is 1,617 millimetres (63.7 in), mostly during the north-east monsoon.[26][27]. ), 7. During 2007-2008, it is proposed to take up degraded sholas over an extent of 3 square kilometres and to carry out other maintenance and improvement works at a cost of Rs. Govt. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary in Kerala borders the southwestern corner of the park. In the south the hills terminate Anaimalai Hills, mountain range in the Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu state, southern India. The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. [2], Coordinates: 10°12′N 77°28′E / 10.200°N 77.467°E / 10.200; 77.467, Learn how and when to remove this template message, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palani_Hills&oldid=999419062, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 02:05. [10] In 2007, proposals for declaration of Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary were under consideration of the Government. The Peak District is reputedly the 2nd most visited National Park after Mount Fuji in Japan which is quite an impressive accolade. Phawngpui or the Blue Mountain of Mizoram is a highly revered peak, considered to be the abode of the Gods. We made several important observations over the course … [15], The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a proposed protected area in Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu India. Forest rest houses are available with advance reservation at Kodaikkanal, Poombarai, Kukkal, Kavunji, Berijam and Devadanapatty. Chris Huber, Journal staff Facebook Vegetation in Palani Hills The vegetation of the hills varies from elevation to elevation. Viraraghavan were its leaders. It is located in the southern region of Eravikulam National Park at the junction of the Cardamom Hills, the Anaimalai Hills and the Palani Hills. In the early 1990s, the Tamil Nadu Forest Department submitted a proposal to the State government to protect much of the Palani Hills by declaring the area a wildlife sanctuary or a national park.[7]. Moist areas exist along the ravines and in the sheltered pockets of high elevation shola forests around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). The park includes about 36% of the 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi) in the Palani Hills. Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]) lies at the extreme southwestern end of Highest peak in Pachmari 1,067 m. Western Ghat: Extended through Maharashtra Kerala Goa Tamilnadu and Kanyakumari. It is also home to the main temple of Lord Muruga, who is worshipped as the primary god in Tamil Nadu. Three ranges radiate in different directions from Anai Mudi. river and also the Dibang, the Sesiri and the Luhit. Their ancient culture in this area is well documented,. The Anaimalai Hills are located at a junction of the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats and have a general northwest-southeast trend. The park will be an upgrade and expansion of the 736.87 km2 (PRO) Palani (Kodaikanal) Wildlife Sanctuary which was to be established in 2008. Palakkad Gap divides the Western Ghats to the north. Phawngpui. The lower elevations of the Palani Hills, between 250 and 1,000 m (820-3,281 ft), are part of the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion. A trek to this mountain will show you pristine natural beauty of coffee plantations, dense tropical forests, cascading waterfalls and serene valleys. Their traditional livelihood is foraging yams and small gaming in the nearby forest areas combined with cultivation of several species of minor millets in small plots located near their hamlets to meet their subsistence requirements. The range lies between the Cumbum Valley on the south, which is drained by the Vaigai River and its upper tributaries, and the Kongunadu region to the north. In 1906, the great undulating plateau on top of the Palanis comprising four forest ranges were consolidated under the Indian Forest Act of 1878 and designated by the British Government as a single reserve forest, from Kodaikanal town to the Kerala state border in the west and the Bodinayakkanur town limits to the south, and given the name of the Ampthill Downs. At the escarpment edge just east of Ibex Peak, the 2nd highest peak in the Palani Hills. It remains to be seen whether the Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park will stimulate or stifle commercial development and tourism. The range is a continuation of the Anaimalai Hills in Kerala state. [16] The park is an eastward extension of the Western Ghats hills formed by separation of the India-Madagascar-Seychelles blocks of East Gondwana in the Early Cretaceous period about 120 million years ago. of Forests, page 49, Tamil Nadu Forest Dept. [42], The Kodaikanal Division Forest Office offers a book called "Kodaikanal Beauty in Wilderness" (Rs 20), which has a list and map of local treks in the Kodaikanal area. In the highest portions of the range, above 2,000 m (6,562 ft), the montane rainforests give way to shola-grassland mosaic, made up of frost-tolerant montane grasslands interspersed with pockets of stunted shola forests. Gundar Fallsseen from Poombarai Road 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) away, 9. Anamudi is located at the junction of three major hills of Western Ghats the Cardamom Hills, the Anaimalai Hills and the Palani Hills. Height: 8310 Feet; Location: Palani hills, Tamil Nadu; This mountain is near the border with Kerala. The Pambar Shola, draining to the Pambar River, is now reduced to less than 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) in circumference. [4], The Ampthill Downs area is now named Upper Palani Shola Reserved Forest and totals 145.7 square kilometres (56.3 sq mi) (36,000 acres) of forest land. Contents:[37], Kurinji flowers (Strobilanthes kunthiana) which blossom in spectacular fields of violet only once in 12 years are threatened. The Dhanmal is the highest peak in this region. It’s 8,310 feet (2,533 metres) high and one of the highest peaks in Tamil Nadu. The mother germo plasm of Citrus-indica have been discovered by science researchers within Nokrek Range. Anginda peak. [17], It is surrounded to the north, east and south by the Deccan Plateau formed later in the massive Deccan Traps eruption 66 million years ago as India drifted over the Reunion Hotspot.[18]. The proposed park area includes only reserve forest land. Palani Hills join the Anamalai Hills and the Cardamom Hills at Anamudi peak in Kerala. Depending on the timing of the northeast monsoon, the latter half of December may experience a few days of heavy rain or remain completely dry. Notable among these is Pambar Shola. Our survey found them still intact but under pressure as pine, wattle and even eucalyptus spread beyond their original plantation boundaries. There is also sound pollution, visual pollution, uncontrolled tourism, overdevelopment and lake eutrophication in and near Kodaikanal town. Vandaravu peak is the highest peak in the Palani hills. It contains several rare and endemic plant species including: Sonerila pulneyensis: a delicate Melastomataceae succulent herb endemic to Pambar Shola, Hoya wightii ssp. Bicultural Versatility as a Frontier Adaptation among Paliyan Foragers of South India, by Dr. Peter Gardner, Edwin Mellen Press, 2000, Bellan, M.F. Biodiversity Conservation, Landscape and Protected Areas Management", "Gazette note doesn't exempt Topslip from core zone", "ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS DEPARTMENT - DECLARATION OF AREAS AS CRITICAL TIGER HABITATS IN THE THREE TIGER RESERVES OF THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU IN THE INTEREST OF CONSERVATION OF TIGER UNDER WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972", "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1901-2000 data: Kodaikanal", "Forest plantations, water availability, and regional climate change: controversies surrounding Acacia mearnsii plantations in the upper Palni Hills, southern India", "Sathyamangalam could be a tiger reserve", Pambar shola: a biodiversity treasure trove under threat, Policy Note 2000-2001, State Government Schemes, FOREST MAINTENANCE WORKS AS PER THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF 12TH FINANCE COMMISSION, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Ministry of Environment and Forests (India), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palani_Hills_Wildlife_Sanctuary_and_National_Park&oldid=991827495, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, between Talinji and Manjampatti villages on the Ten Ar River in. [29][30], Relics and artifacts of the Paliyan tribes people can be seen in the Shenbaganur Museum. We found plenty of pellet evidence and then observed from a distance two herds of 7-14 animals in the vicinity. The western extremity of the park is contiguous with the Manjampatti Valley core area of the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and with The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. Solaikaradu in the Servarayan hills is the highest peak. The decision to finally establish the park must balance short term financial benefits of the status quo versus long term stability of the natural and human community. the dry season, usually between January and March, during which rain is scarce and limited to around 10 rainy days, the air is crisp, dry and cold, and when ground frost occurs; The warm season of April and May when most tourists arrive for their holiday in the hills and when summer showers and rain may fall on 18 to 20 days; The Southwest monsoon season extends between June and September, with around 45 days of rainfall spread over the four months; The Northeast monsoon season from October through early December, when rain is abundant and occurs over 30 or more days. From anai Mudi ( 2,695 m ) located in Giridih District of Jharkhand of forty seven square (... 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